Birth Control - Male and Female Contraception

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Research the benefits, disadvantages, side-effects, efficiency rates and facts of available birth control methods.

Facts about male, female and emergency contraception options. The Pill, IUD shot, hormonal injections and patches, natural, rhythm method and much more.

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Safe Sex: Birth Control

  Deciding on a method of contraception
  Effective rates of each method
  Further Advice
    Dedicated information pages
  Methods of Contraception:
Fertility Awareness
  Fertility Awareness
The Ovulation Testing Pack
  The Ovulation Testing Pack
The Rhythm Method
  The Rhythm Method
Coitus Interruptus (Withdrawal)
  Coitus Interruptus (Withdrawal)
The Female Condom
  The Female Condom
Dental Dams
  Dental Dams
Diaphragms & Cervical Caps
  Diaphragms & Cervical Caps
The Pill - Combined Pill- Mini-pill, the progestogen only Pill (POP)
  The Pill - Combined Pill- Mini-pill, the progestogen only Pill (POP)
Norplant® (implant)
  Norplant® (implant)
Implanon® (implant)
  Implanon® (implant)
Injection - Depo-Provera ®- Noristerat®
  Injection - Depo-Provera ®- Noristerat®
IUDs (Intrauterine Devices)
  IUDs (Intrauterine Devices)
Intrauterine System (IUS)
  Intrauterine System (IUS)
Spermicidal Creams & Jellies
  Creams & Jellies
Spermicidal Film
Spermicidal Foam
Spermicidal Sponge
Spermicidal Suppositories/Peccaries
    Emergency Contraception
Emergency Contraception - The Morning After Pill
  The Morning After Pill*
Emergency Contraception - IUD (Intrauterine Device)
  IUD (Intrauterine Device)
Emergency Contraception - Spermicide
    Permanent Methods (sterilization):
Emergency Contraception - Spermicide
  Tubal Ligation in Women
Emergency Contraception - Spermicide
  Vasectomy in Males
    Purchase the contraceptive pill online at a great price
    Browse for condoms, dams and family planning aids
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Deciding on a method of contraception

Contraception is used for both birth control and/or protection from sexually transmitted disease (STD). All contraceptive and protective methods have advantages and disadvantages.

A full understanding of all aspects of contraception is important in making the right choices for individual needs. Heterosexual intercourse may combine both contraceptive (birth control) effectiveness and STD/HIV prevention, while for homosexual sex STD/HIV protection will be the primary concern.

It is important to remember that AIDS is much more dangerous to your health than pregnancy, and unlike pregnancy, there is no way that the disease can be terminated.

Choosing a method for contraception and/or STD prevention means choosing a method which is right for a person's personal preferences and needs at a given point, but may change with different situations, relationships, etc.

There are many well, written informative books that can be useful to read when searching for the right method of contraception.

Choosing a method of birth control is not always easy as in addition to thinking about the effectiveness, benefits, and possible side-effects, you also need to think about what you feel comfortable using.

Talking about birth control with a partner can be hard. It may help to try to sort out your own feelings before you bring up the subject with your partner. Try to find a time and a way to talk about it that feels comfortable to you.

Your main concern may be with preventing pregnancy when you choose a method of birth control, but if you or your partner has ever had sexual contact with anyone else, you may be at risk of contracting an STD.

Using condoms and spermicide provides the greatest protection against STD's. Different Condoms, spermicides and lubricants are readily available at most pharmicies, and if you feel uncomfortable ordering from your local chemist there are many online pharmicies that can deliver your sexual health products by mail-order.

The message is clear: anyone who engages in casual sex or is having sex with a new partner should use a condom even if contraceptive protection is provided by the Pill. Women as well as men are recommended to carry condoms with them.

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Effective Rates of each method (efficacy)

The effectiveness rate is important to consider when choosing a birth control method.

Current information on effectiveness rates:

  • Abstinence 100%
  • Depro-Provera 99.7%
  • Diaphragm or Cap with Spermicide 85 to 96%
  • Female Condom 85 to 98%
  • IUD (Intrauterine Device) 98 to 99%
  • IUS (Intrauterine System) impregnated with progestogen almost 100%
  • Male Condom & Spermicide 85 to 98%
  • Male Condom Only 88%
  • Norplant 99.9%
  • Oral Contraceptives 97% (Combined Pill almost 100%; Progesterone Only Pill about 97%)
  • Spermicide Only 79%
  • Tubal Ligation almost 100%
  • Vasectomy almost 100%

Further Advice

Contact your local health care practitioner, the Family Planning Association or a local Family Planning Clinic. Visit our support page for a clinic in your area.

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This Sexual Health Facts & Information site is brought to you in the interest of Minimizing the Risks of Disease, providing Information about STD Transmission, Prevention and Safe Sex Practices, as well as Information about Pregnancy, Birth Control and Sexual Relationships.

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